Your Baby’s Development Milestones

March 29, 2021

Mom feeds her newborn baby from a bottle, baby milestones feeding

Isn't it incredible that infants begin life with an innate sucking reflex to survive and obtain nourishment? Then by one year of age, they are sitting at the table, sharing food with their family, feeding themselves (appropriate bite sizes of course), and able to drink from a cup? 

For first-time parents, the thought of achieving that milestone seems so far away and somewhat magical. Numerous changes occur during the first year, and it’s amazing to experience this with your little one! This month, we decided to outline some of the important milestones that occur during your baby's first year. It is important to note that these milestones are approximations for a typical developing infant. Every child will have a unique journey; however, please do not hesitate to reach out to your healthcare team if you are concerned.

Milestones in Baby’s First Year

Below, we’ve summarized some key milestones for your baby’s social, auditory, language, cognitive, nutrition, physical and growth development:

Stage 0-2 mos 2-4 mos 4-6 mos 6-8 mos 8-10 mos 10-12 mos
Social *Begins to smile at people

*Smiles at people

*Imitates some movements

*Likes to play

*Likes to play with others

*Looks at self
in the mirror

*Responds to other people’s emotions

*Could be afraid of unfamiliar people

*Has favourite toys

*Cries when mom or dad leaves

*May show fear in certain situations

*Loves to play games

Auditory *Turns head toward sounds

*Begins to copy sounds

*Likes taking turns making sounds

*Responds to own name

*Makes a lot of different sounds combining vowels and consonants

*Understands basic spoken requests

*Uses different tones in speech

Language *Coos/
babble

*Utilizes different forms of cries

*Babbles with expression

*Experiments with different vowel sounds 

*Will use different sounds to
show emotion

*Begins to say consonant sounds

*Will point to things

*Copies sounds and gestures

*May start saying mama or dada

*Tries to say words that you commonly say

Cognitive

*Pays attention
to faces

*Begins to follow items with eyes

*Reaches for toy

*Studies faces

*Recognizes people

*Increased curiosity about things

*Explores objects by passing from one hand to the other

*Tries to get things out of reach 

*Brings things to mouth to explore textures

*Likes to play peek-a-boo

*Will look for items that you hide

 

*Will look at the correct picture when you name it

*Explores items by banging/ throwing

Nutrition

Newborn
*Breastmilk:
~ 2-3 hours, 1-2oz/feeding

*Formula: 
~ 3-4 hours; 2-3oz/feeding

2 Months
*Breastmilk: 
~3-4 hours; 4-5oz/feeding

*Formula:
~3-4 hours; 4-5 oz/feeding


*Breastmilk:
~4-5 hours; 4-7oz/ feeding

*Formula:
~4-5 hours; 4-7oz/feeding

 

 


*Breastmilk:
~4-5 hours;
4-7oz/feeding

*Formula:
~4-5 hours;
4-7oz/feeding

*Note: Complementary feeding usually begins around 6 months

 


*Breastmilk:
~3-4 hours;
4-8oz/feeding 

 *Formula:
3-4 hours;
4-8oz/feeding

*Note:
Roughly 1/5
of daily food intake will come from complementary foods

 


*Breastmilk:
~3-4 hours;
4-8oz/feeding 

 *Formula:
3-4 hours; 4-8oz/feeding

*Note:
Roughly 1/5
of daily food intake will come from complementary foods

 


*Breastmilk: ~4-5 hours;
4-6 oz/feeding 

*Formula:
~4-5 hours;
4-6 oz/feeding

*Note:
Roughly ½ of daily food intake will come from complementary foods

 

Physical

*Begins to hold head up 

*Begins to push up when lying on tummy

*Holds head steady

*Pushes down on legs

*May start to roll over

*Brings hands to mouth 

*Rolls over

*Begins to sit unsupported

 

*Rolls over in both directions

*Might enjoy bouncing

 

*Crawls

*Pulls to stand

*Stands holding on

*Picks up smaller items with thumb and index finger

*Stands without help

*May stand unsupported

*May take a few steps

 

Growth

*Weight loss of up to 10% in first week of life

*5-7 oz/week

*1/2 in – 1in/mo

*5-7 oz/week

*1/2 in – 1in/mo

 

 

*Most babies double their birth weight by 5 months of age

**5-7 oz/week

*1/2 in – 1in/mo

*3-5 oz/week

*3/8 in/mo

 

*3-5 oz/week

*3/8 in/mo

 

*3-5 oz/week

*3/8 in/mo

 *~Triple birth weight by 1 year

 

 

Screenshot of Watch Me Bloom blog topicsCaption: Screen capture from watchmebloom.ca blog section

To learn more about some of these milestones, check a few of our previous Watch Me Bloom blogs

When Should Babies Start Eating Solids?
*How to know when your baby is ready for complementary food

How Much Should My Baby Eat?
*Sample feeding guide for baby's first year

Texture in Your Baby's Diet
*Changes in the oral cavity and the importance of texture for fine motor and oral development

Bonding with Your Baby
*How to foster an emotional connection, sense of security, language development, and social-emotional development

When to Start Reading to Your Baby
*The importance of shared reading for cognitive, language, and social-emotional development


African American toddler smiling and dressed in yellow with grey tights, sitting on floorCaption: As your child develops and grows, they will reach many ordinary—yet celebrated milestones on their food journey! 

Tidbit for Your Tiny One

The chart above is a general guide, and there could be slight fluctuations. You may notice, for example, that some babies ‘cluster feed’. Cluster feeding occurs before a growth spurt, and it's your baby’s way of making sure you have enough milk supply to satisfy their hunger. During this time, you may notice slightly more weight gain one week compared to the next.

The following recipe poem is an excerpt from our book, Recipes For Growing Me ~6 Months edition: 

U is for…..Unbelievable
Isn’t it unbelievable 
That I’m getting so big?
With all that I can do
I’m so thankful to you
It won’t be long now 
When we can share our own meal
At least I will try it 
and that is a deal!

We hope we’ve contributed something beneficial to your baby’s diet, and remember…don’t hog the blog! Share it with new moms today! Want to learn more from our baby’s first cookbook? Order now and enjoy 10% OFF Baby’s First Cookbook—use Code: BLOGHOG. 

Have a Bloomin’ Day! 
Sarah & Karen

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2020). CDC’s developmental milestones. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/milestones/index.html

Mayo Clinic, (2020).  How much should I expect my baby to grow in the first year? https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/infant-growth/faq-20058037

Parenthood, (2019). What’s the Average Baby Weight by Month? https://www.healthline.com/health/parenting/average-baby-weight




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